Multidisciplinary Investigation on Moringa stenpetala (Haleko)

Experiences and lessons learned through One Health-Ecohealth Approach

Authors

  • Asfaw Debella Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Eskeziyaw Agedew Arba Minch University Author
  • Eyassu Makonnen Addis Ababa University Author
  • Yalemtsehay Mekonnen Addis Ababa University Author
  • Wondwosen Girmay Addis Ababa University Author
  • Adamu Belay Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Alemayehu Bekele Ethiopian Public Health Association Author
  • Ashenif Tadele Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Direselign Misker Arba Minch University Author
  • Dechasa Jiru Hunger Ethiopia Author
  • Getahun Yakob Southern Agricultural Research Institute Author
  • Daba Misgana Arba Minch University Author
  • Terefe Gelibo ICAPat Columbia University Author
  • Tesfaye Haielmariam Aksum University Author
  • Desta Hamore Arba Minch University Author
  • Agena Anjelo Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute Author
  • Tesfaye Bekele Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute Author
  • Azmeraw Walche Arba Minch University Author
  • Yonas Ugo Arba Minch University Author
  • Edget Merawi Aksum University Author
  • Feyissa Challa Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Solomon Worku St. Paul Millennium Medical College Author
  • Deraje Tsegaye Arba Minch University Author
  • Rajesh Chauhan Arba Minch University Author
  • Fikadu Massebo Arba Minch University Author
  • Seid Kassaw Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Birhanu Lema Arba Minch University Author
  • Debela Adugna Arba Minch University Author
  • Tariku Geda Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute Author
  • Temsgen Awoke Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Negero Gemeda Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Tizazu Bashura Arba Minch Agricultural Research Center Author
  • Feleke Woldeyes Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute Author
  • Manaye Misganaw Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute Author
  • Rahmeto Negash Meles Zenawi Foundation Author
  • Aynalem Gochera Arba Minch University Author
  • Teshome Yirgu Arba Minch University Author
  • Shimelis Tadesse Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute Author
  • Zeleke Woldetensi Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute Author
  • Yared Mesfin Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute Author
  • Simon Shiberu Arba Minch University Author

Keywords:

One health- Eco health, multisectoral, Moringa stenopetala, interdisciplinary

Abstract

Background: Moringa stenopetala is a multipurpose plant in areas where it grows. This study aims to explore the health and nutritional values of M. stenopetala, the interaction between the socioeconomic, environmental, aspects of cultivating and commercializing the tree products through One HealthEcohealth approach.

MethodsIt is a multisectoral and interdisciplinary community-based study conducted in M. stenopetala consuming (Konso, Derashe, and Hammer) and non-consuming areas (Bonkey and Chencha) of Southern Ethiopia. The study also comprised of experimental trial sites, field areas and various laboratories-based studies to generate scientific information and technology packages.

Results: Prevalence of vitamin-A deficiency in M. stenopetala consuming group was lower compared to the non-consuming group. Anterior neck mass in moringa consuming and non-consuming study sites did not reveal thyroid gland enlargement. Health facility-based prospective study on chronic care follow up for one year on voluntary participants showed that daily and weekly consumption of M. stenopetala reduced blood pressure and fasting blood sugar level. The mean measurements of cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, triglyceride and systolic blood pressure had lower scores in the moringa-consuming areas. Vast integration of species diversity concerning 18 crops and 22 tree species in a piece of land was observed with a dominancy of M. stenopetala tree. Maximum fresh leaves biomass (823g per tree) was recorded at a lower pollarding height (0.5meter). The highest fresh leaf biomass was recorded as 3110 Kg-1 on 2m×2m spacing.

Conclusion: Moringa stenopetala has nutritional, health, agroforestry, environmental and socioeconomic benefits. Therefore, its use and conservation have to be properly exploited.

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Author Biographies

  • Asfaw Debella, Ethiopian Public Health Institute
    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Eskeziyaw Agedew, Arba Minch University
    Arba Minch University
  • Eyassu Makonnen, Addis Ababa University
    Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences
  • Yalemtsehay Mekonnen, Addis Ababa University
    Addis Ababa University, College of Natural and Computational Sciences
  • Wondwosen Girmay, Addis Ababa University
    Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences
  • Adamu Belay, Ethiopian Public Health Institute
    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Alemayehu Bekele, Ethiopian Public Health Association
    Ethiopian Public Health Association
  • Ashenif Tadele , Ethiopian Public Health Institute
    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Direselign Misker, Arba Minch University
    Arba Minch University
  • Dechasa Jiru, Hunger Ethiopia
    Hunger Ethiopia (formerly Ethiopian Agricultural Research Institute)
  • Getahun Yakob, Southern Agricultural Research Institute
    Southern Agricultural Research Institute
  • Daba Misgana, Arba Minch University
    Arba Minch University
  • Terefe Gelibo, ICAPat Columbia University
    ICAPat Columbia University, Ethiopia
  • Tesfaye Haielmariam, Aksum University
    Aksum University
  • Desta Hamore, Arba Minch University
    Arba Minch Agricultural Research Center
  • Agena Anjelo, Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute
    Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute
  • Tesfaye Bekele, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
    Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
  • Azmeraw Walche, Arba Minch University
    Arba Minch University
  • Yonas Ugo, Arba Minch University
    Arba Minch University
  • Edget Merawi, Aksum University
    Aksum University
  • Feyissa Challa, Ethiopian Public Health Institute
    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Solomon Worku, St. Paul Millennium Medical College
    St. Paul Millennium Medical College 
  • Deraje Tsegaye, Arba Minch University
    Arba Minch University
  • Rajesh Chauhan, Arba Minch University
    Arba Minch University
  • Fikadu Massebo, Arba Minch University

    Arba Minch University 

  • Seid Kassaw, Ethiopian Public Health Institute
    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Birhanu Lema, Arba Minch University
    Arba Minch University
  • Debela Adugna, Arba Minch University

    Arba Minch University

  • Tariku Geda, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
    Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute   
  • Temsgen Awoke, Ethiopian Public Health Institute
    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Negero Gemeda, Ethiopian Public Health Institute
    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Tizazu Bashura, Arba Minch Agricultural Research Center
    Arba Minch Agricultural Research Center
  • Feleke Woldeyes, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
    Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
  • Manaye Misganaw, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
    Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
  • Rahmeto Negash, Meles Zenawi Foundation
    Meles Zenawi Foundation
  • Aynalem Gochera, Arba Minch University
    Arba Minch University
  • Teshome Yirgu, Arba Minch University

    Arba Minch University

  • Shimelis Tadesse, Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute
    Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute
  • Zeleke Woldetensi, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
    Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
  • Yared Mesfin, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
    Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute
  • Simon Shiberu, Arba Minch University

    Arba Minch University

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Published

2022-01-27

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Original Article

How to Cite

Debella, A. (2022) “Multidisciplinary Investigation on Moringa stenpetala (Haleko): Experiences and lessons learned through One Health-Ecohealth Approach”, Ethiopian Journal of Public Health and Nutrition (EJPHN), 5(1), pp. 61–80. Available at: https://ejphn.ephi.gov.et/index.php/ejphn/article/view/71 (Accessed: 20 May 2024).

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