Patterns of biochemical markers, metabolic syndrome and their predictors among adult population in Moringa stenopetala consuming and non-consuming areas in Southern Ethiopia

A comparative cross-sectional study

Authors

  • Eyasu Makonnen Addis Ababa University Author
  • Terefe Gelibo ICAP at Columbia University Author
  • Eskeziyaw Agedew Debre Markos University Author
  • Alemayehu Bekele CDT-Africa Author
  • Direselign Misker Arba Minch University Author
  • Solomon Worku St. Paul Millennium Medical College Author
  • Ashenif Tadele Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Yalemtsehay Mekonnen Addis Ababa University Author
  • Adamu Belay Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Feyissa Challa Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Temsgen Awoke Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Negero Gemeda Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Nahom Tefera Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Adisu Legesse Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Chere Tadesse Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Nigat Ashenafi Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Zeleke Geto Wollo University Author
  • Dawit Challa Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Seid Kassaw Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Simon Shiberu Arba Minch University Author
  • Asfaw Debella Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20372/ejphn.v6i2.208

Keywords:

Moringa stenopetala, multipurpose application, biochemical parameters, community-based study

Abstract

Background: Moringa stenopetala has widely been used as food for humans, feed for livestock and medicine in Southern Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the effect of moringa in biochemical markers and risk for metabolic syndrome, in M. stenopetala consuming and non-consuming areas in Southern Ethiopia.

Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in selected M. stenopetala consuming and non-consuming woredas, Southern Ethiopia from August to September, 2016. WHO NCD Steps and locally constructed structured questionnaires were used for data collection. Physical measurements and clinical parameters were also determined. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the associated factors and p-value less than 0.05considered a significant association.

Results: The normal BMI, total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides level for moringa consuming and non-consuming participants were 84.8% versus 84.3%, 95.5% versus 92.7%, 99.3% versus 95.4% and 75% versus 81.3%, respectively. No significant change was observed in total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglyceride, BUN, creatinine, ALP, ALT and AST levels. On the other hand, fasting blood sugar and physical measurements i.e., BP, BMI and waist circumference also showed no significant changes in both study areas.

Conclusion: From these findings, it may be concluded that consuming M. stenopetala may not have an advantage over non-consumption in avoiding the risks of metabolic syndrome. The results of the study, however, needs to be substantiated with prospective longitudinal follow up to ascertain the effects of the frequent use of M. stenopetala.

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Author Biographies

  • Eyasu Makonnen, Addis Ababa University

    College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Terefe Gelibo, ICAP at Columbia University

    ICAP at Columbia University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Eskeziyaw Agedew, Debre Markos University

    Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia

  • Alemayehu Bekele, CDT-Africa

    CDT-Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Direselign Misker, Arba Minch University

    Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia 

  • Solomon Worku, St. Paul Millennium Medical College

    St. Paul Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Ashenif Tadele, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Yalemtsehay Mekonnen, Addis Ababa University

    College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Adamu Belay, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Feyissa Challa, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Temsgen Awoke, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Negero Gemeda, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Nahom Tefera, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Adisu Legesse, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Chere Tadesse, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Nigat Ashenafi, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Zeleke Geto, Wollo University

    College of Medicine and Health Science, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia

  • Dawit Challa, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Seid Kassaw, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Simon Shiberu, Arba Minch University

    Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia

  • Asfaw Debella, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Published

2023-07-31

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How to Cite

Makonnen, E. (2023) “Patterns of biochemical markers, metabolic syndrome and their predictors among adult population in Moringa stenopetala consuming and non-consuming areas in Southern Ethiopia: A comparative cross-sectional study”, Ethiopian Journal of Public Health and Nutrition (EJPHN), 6(2), pp. 94–106. doi:10.20372/ejphn.v6i2.208.

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