What can research evidence tell us about the use of computed tomography for detecting COVID-19 Pneumonia

Rapid evidence review

Authors

  • Samson Mideksa Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Sabit Ababor Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Yosef Gebreyohannes Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Firmaye Bogale Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author
  • Dagmawit Solomon Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Author
  • Tsegaye Getachew Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Author
  • Desalegn Ararso Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Author
  • Ermias Wolde Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Author
  • Zelalem Kebede Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Author
  • Getachew Tollera Ethiopian Public Health Institute Author

Keywords:

Computed tomography, COVID-19 pneumonia, RT-PCR

Abstract

Key Message

Computed tomography (CT) is not used for primary screening and diagnosis of COVID-19. But, it has very high detection in later time and can be used for evaluation of COVID-19 pneumonia. For patients with suspected COVID-19 pneumonia but false negative RT-PCR, cross checking with CT and repeated RT-PCR is essential in order to avoid misdiagnosis.

⦿     Use of CT as a first-line diagnostic or screening tool in COVID-19 is not beneficial

⦿      For patients with suspected COVID-19 pneumonia but false negative RT-PCR, cross checking with CT and repeated RT-PCR is essential in order to avoid misdiagnosis

⦿     Chest CT offers the great sensitivity for detecting COVID-19 pneumonia among symptomatic individuals, especially in a severe situation

⦿     Chest CT serves for evaluating potential complications, disease severity and progression of COVID-19 pneumonia

⦿     The imaging feature of CT findings differ at early, intermediate and later stage of COVID-19 pneumonia

The diagnosis of CT in  children is difficult

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Author Biographies

  • Samson Mideksa, Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Sabit Ababor , Ethiopian Public Health Institute

    Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Yosef Gebreyohannes, Ethiopian Public Health Institute
    Knowledge Translation Directorate, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Firmaye Bogale, Ethiopian Public Health Institute
    Knowledge Translation Directorate, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Dagmawit Solomon, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research
    Knowledge Translation Directorate, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Tsegaye Getachew, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research
    Knowledge Translation Directorate, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Desalegn Ararso, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research
    Knowledge Translation Directorate, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Ermias Wolde, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research
    Knowledge Translation Directorate, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Zelalem Kebede, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research
    Knowledge Translation Directorate, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Getachew Tollera, Ethiopian Public Health Institute
    Knowledge Translation Directorate, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Published

2021-01-29

Issue

Section

Rapid evidence review

How to Cite

Mideksa, S. (2021) “What can research evidence tell us about the use of computed tomography for detecting COVID-19 Pneumonia: Rapid evidence review”, Ethiopian Journal of Public Health and Nutrition (EJPHN), 4(2), pp. 160–165. Available at: https://ejphn.ephi.gov.et/index.php/ejphn/article/view/90 (Accessed: 18 June 2024).

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