The clinical profile and angiographic characteristics of patients with coronary artery disease at Saint Peter’s Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Authors

  • Hayat Oumer Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Author
  • Abiy Ephrem Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College Author
  • Dawit Bacha Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College Author
  • Shikur Mohammed Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College Author
  • Hailemichael Getachew Armauer Hansen Research Institute Author
  • Kassa Haile Armauer Hansen Research Institute Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20372/ejphn.v6i1.356

Keywords:

Coronary Artery Disease, Angiography, Pattern, Addis Ababa

Abstract

Background: Coronary artery Disease (CAD) is a pathologic process that affects the coronary vessels and characterized by imbalance in myocardial oxygen supply and demand. The diagnosis of CAD through angiography is a recent experience in Ethiopia. The objective of the present investigation was therefore to find out the burden and associated factors of CAD in Addis Ababa.

Method: Hospital-based cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. Patient record review was carried out at St. Peter’s coronary care unit. All Patients who underwent coronary angiogram from December 1, 2017 to June 30, 2019 were included. Data were collected using standardized checklist then entered and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25.

Results: A total of 290 patients were included into the study. Male patients represent for 75.2% of the total. The mean age of patients in our study was 55.16±12.67.190 (65.5%) patients were hypertensive while 122 (68.5%) and 110(38.3%) patients were dyslipidemic and diabetic respectively. Angiography proven Coronary artery disease was diagnosed in 217(74.8%) patients of those 79.3% has significant obstruction and 123(42.4%) of them have single vessel disease involvement.

Conclusion: This study has confirmed a high proportion of SVD involvement in the majority of post MI patients. Dyslipidemia, hypertension and diabetes were the three most important risk factors identified. Hence, it is imperative to increase public awareness, promote screening services for early detection and management of these risk factors. Moreover, the utility of angiograph in these patient groups were found to be high. Hence, the expansion of this service can improve management of patient with coronary heart diseases..

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Author Biographies

  • Hayat Oumer, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College,

    Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Abiy Ephrem, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College

    Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Dawit Bacha, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College

    Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Shikur Mohammed, Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College

    Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Hailemichael Getachew, Armauer Hansen Research Institute

    Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Kassa Haile, Armauer Hansen Research Institute

    Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Published

2023-01-30

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Original Article

How to Cite

Oumer, H. (2023) “The clinical profile and angiographic characteristics of patients with coronary artery disease at Saint Peter’s Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia”, Ethiopian Journal of Public Health and Nutrition (EJPHN), 6(1), pp. 12–15. doi:10.20372/ejphn.v6i1.356.

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